My Child Can’t Do Maths
A solid maths foundation is vital for children to succeed. Without solid math skills, children will probably have a lot of trouble in school and afterwards.
I often get asked the question “how can I help my child with maths at home”?. If your child is struggling with maths, there are many ways to help, but before you do that you need to know what the problem areas are.
Some of the traits that I see in children who are weak in maths are:

They don’t understand the language used in maths like “less”, “more than”, “half of”, “share”, “total” and “difference”.

They have difficulty retaining basic number facts. They will take a long time to work out something in their head and often make careless mistakes.

They often use longwinded ways to work out something on paper. For example, I saw a child work out the sum 100 – 42 by drawing 100 dots and crossing out 42 of them. I saw another child work out the sum 250 ÷ 5 by writing out the 5 times table.

They cannot “translate” number word problems into maths calculations. For example: if Sam, Tim and Emma each eat 4 sweets, how many is that altogether? Children either don’t know that this is 3 x 4 or they may know that this but not know their 3 times tables.
Your child may not have such general difficulties; it could be a more specific problem like understanding fractions, or getting to grips with geometry. The point is that you need to get to the root of the problem. Fractions are related to division and multiplication. Is it because your child hasn’t grasped the basics of these skills yet? Difficulty with geometry could be just a simple matter of not learning the rules for working out angles in a triangle. Whatever the cause, there are ways in which you can help your child fill in those gaps.
Help Them Learn Their Times Tables.
Times tables is the bricks and mortar of basic maths knowledge and it is crucial that your child has plenty of opportunities to learn them. Don’t rely on school to the job for you, as many children will need a lot of exposure to learning times tables.
First get your child to write out the times tables, and then try to get them to learn “parrotfashion”. If it’s just not sticking then an easy way to help is to write them on your child’s fingertips or use stickers as shown in the pictures below.
Another place for great ideas is here. I also get children to recite times tables going forwards and backwards, and sometimes I get them to recite from half way through the tables. It just breaks up the monotony and introduces a new challenge.
Use a MultiSensory Approach.
It has been shown that children retain information better when they not only see it, but when they hear it and also when they can put it into practice. Making maths practical and relevant to everyday life can get a child to use all of their senses and at the same time giving it a purpose. Maths is all around us and we can use our surroundings to help our children with maths.
To teach measures:

teach your child to use a ruler or a tape measure with accuracy. If you are into gadgets then why not invest in an electronic tape measure (often used by estate agents).

Point out quantities of things on food packets to show them the difference between grams and kilograms or litres and millilitres.

Look at angles on objects around the room, see how many right angles your child can spot.

Involve your child in cooking, getting them to read the scales when weighing out ingredients.

If you are baking cup cakes and the recipe only makes 12 but you want 24, use this as an opportunity to teach about ratios and equivalents.

Play with water using different sized containers, predict how many small cups can fill a large container and measure how much water the containers hold.
To teach place value and money:

Show your child a till receipt and look at the quantities in pounds and pennies.

Take your child shopping and equip them with a calculator. As you shop they can work out the bill.

Get your child used to handling money, recognising coins and working out if they have/don’t have enough money.

To teach about tens and units, read our blog post here.

Play Monopoly.
Talk Maths Language
Use mathematical words like “total” and “difference” when talking to our child. Other words to use are “rotate”, “divide”, “more than/less than” and “fewer than”.
Here are some more ideas:

Plant sunflower seeds and get your child involved in measuring how much water to give each day, measuring how tall the seedlings are growing and comparing the length of the seedlings.

Make sandwiches and get your child to decide how many pieces of cucumber to put into each sandwich, how much cheese to weigh, or how many slices of bread to take.

Get your child to help you with spring cleaning. They can sort things into different groups for you, place objects in order of size, measure the amount of space they have made by clearing out the clutter and simply just counting all their possessions.

Invest in a dart board to get children working out the totals, for younger children you can buy a simpler version of a dart board which uses Velcro darts.

Use every opportunity to count things, whether it’s during a walk to the shops, or how many bounces on the ball or timing how long it takes to take a shower.
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