A large part of the 11 plus verbal reasoning tests is vocabulary knowledge. And most parents will be familiar with the Bond 11 plus practice books and thousands of online resources you can print out. However, children can get bored and frustrated with doing just these.
So I have compiled a list of 5 minute activities that children can do to practice their verbal reasoning vocabulary. Perfect for children struggling with concentration and to make it more interesting. I regularly create games and short, sharp activities for the children to do at my centre and they don’t even realise that they are studying. So have a go and see for yourself. But if you haven’t got the time or struggle to explain things simply to your child, let us do the work for you. Book your child for a free assessment and let us take care of things.
Children need to know the meanings of the words, their opposites, whether they are nouns, verbs or adjectives, and in some cases the multiple meanings of the words.
First of all you need to have a list of the most commonly used words. You can get them from here.
Make these into flash cards and print them out on card. You can get flashcard templates off the internet, but I like to use Quizlet to make flash cards. It’s so simple. All you do is cut and paste the words into the flash card set wizard and it generates them for you.
Take any set of 10 words and then try the following:
Practicing using the alphabet is essential for verbal reasoning. If a child knows that there are 3 letters between “m” and “p”, then it’s quicker than working it out.
Put the words into alphabetical order.
Put the words in reverse alphabetical order.
To make it more difficult, pick words beginning with the same letter and then put them in alphabetical order.
A synonym is another word with a similar meaning. This may not be possible for all words. When your child first does this, allow them to use a thesaurus (online is acceptable as well) and choose the synonym that they are most familiar with. I taught a child once who was looking up synonyms for the word “rich”. He chose the word “prosperous”, but a week later, he couldn’t tell me what the word “prosperous” meant.
Start of by choosing just one synonym, then build up to maximum 5 per word. As your child gets familiar with the word list, get them to choose synonyms from the word list. For example “oppose” and “contest” are synonyms and both are in the list.
Antonyms are opposites. Again you can allow the use of a thesaurus and as with synonyms, make sure your child knows the meaning of the antonym they choose. Start off with one antonyms and build up to a maximum 5. Try to get your child to choose antonyms from the word list.
Sentence writing helps children to understand the meaning of the word. The sentence must make sense and use the word in he correct way. This is especially so for words with multiple meanings. For example the word “permit” has 2 meanings. The child must write a sentence using both meanings. the sentence must also illustrate the meaning of the word. So writing “I got a permit” is not enough. Writing “I got a permit to go and work in America” is better.
the verbal reasoning type 8 questions requires the child to find hidden words in a sentence. Once your child has written the sentence, see if they find any hidden 4 letter words in it.
Make Smaller Words
For each word, make smaller words from the letters in the word.
Start with making as many 2 letter words as possible
Then build up to making bigger words.
Nouns, Verb or Adjective
Sort the words into either noun verb or adjective. Some of the words may go into more than one category. This is a great exercise for grammar skills. With nouns, you can go further and categorise them into abstract, proper or common nouns.