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What To Expect in Year 1 – A Parent’s Guide
The end of the reception year (age 4-5) marks the start of key Stage 1 when the national curriculum comes into play. There is a more structured, teacher-led approach to learning, rather than child-centred learning through play and there is more emphasis on reading and writing. Ask any reception child what they do at school and 9 times out of 10, the word “play” will be mentioned. Ask any year 1 child what they do in school and they will come out with responses like “we do more work”, “we do harder work”, and more specific responses like “we do more counting” or “we write a lot”.
So it’s no surprise that parents are concerned about this transition, and worry about their child’s ability to cope and manage the work. I have assessed many children at this stage of their schooling, and have seen a wide range of abilities. Some can write their name neatly, on the line, and remember to start with a capital letter. Whilst others can barely hold their pencil properly. DO NOT worry about this as children mature at different rates.
However, if you want to make sure that your child is ready for year 1 and has a firm foundation, then below is a simplified version of what every child in reception should be able to do and I hope this proves useful to you.
Targets in Literacy
Able to write own name and other words from memory.
Able to hold a pencil and uses it effectively to form recognisable letters, most of which are correctly formed.
Uses phonic knowledge to write simple regular words and use phonics to decode more complex words.
To begin to form captions and simple sentences, sometimes using punctuation.
To be able communicate meaning through phrases and simple sentences with some consistency in punctuating sentences.
Be able to read the 100 high frequency reception words.
100 High Frequency Words For Reception
1. the 2. and 3. a 4. to 5. said 6. in 7. he 8. I 9. of 10. it 11. was 12. you 13. they 14. on 15. she 16. is 17. for 18. at 19. his 20. but 21. that 22. with 23. all 24. we 25. can 26. are 27. up 28. had 29. my 30. her 31. what 32. there 33. out 34. this 35. have 36. went 37. be 38. like 39. some 40. so 41. not 42. then 43. were 44. go 45. little 46. as 47. no 48. mum 49. one 50. them 51. do 52. me 53. down 54. dad 55. big 56. when 57. it’s 58. see 59. looked 60. very 61. look 62. don’t 63. come 64. will 65. into 66. back 67. from 68. children 69. him 70. Mr 71. get 72. just 73. now 74. came 75. oh 76. about 77. got 78. their 79. people 80. your 81. put 82. could 83. house 84. old 85. too 86. by 87. day 88. made 89. time 90. I’m 91. if 92. help 93. Mrs 94. called 95. here 96. off 97. asked 98. saw 99. make 100. an
To know numbers 1-20 verbally and to recognise numbers 1-9 in written form
to count up to ten objects
to use mathematical language such as more than, bigger, less, add, take away, share.
to know one more than/less than a number between 1 and 10
add up 2 numbers so the answer is less than 10 and use their fingers or objects if necessary
to do simple take away sums again with numbers less than 10 eg 5-3, 10-4
To recognise simple patterns
Use everyday words to describe the position of objects. A wide vocabulary including: over, under, above, below, next to, in front, behind, outside, inside, next to, left, right, up, down, forwards, backwards, across.
To Know the days of the week and vocabulary related to time, eg yesterday, afternoon, tomorrow etc
Name shapes such as circle, square, triangle, rectangle, cube, cone, sphere
How to share
how to play with someone else
how to sit and listen to a story
to take turns
to put their own equipment away
to put their coat on
to put rubbish in the bin
how to hold a paint brush
to wash hands after going to the toilet
It’s easy for parents to help their child at this age because it’s almost intuitive, and actually I think most parents teach their child the things on this list anyway. If you need help for your child who is moving onto year 1, then I can assess them to see where the gaps in their learning are. Just call for a free assessment or fill in our contact form here.